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The purpose of arches in the feet is to add springiness and flexibility to the midfoot. Arches in the feet help to generate the strength to push off with movement, distribute body weight, absorb the shock of contacting the ground, and assist with balance. In addition to these functions, the arch of each foot acts as an energy store to support activities like walking, running, or jumping.
One of the most common and well-known deformities of the lower extremities is flat feet. They occur when the arches of the feet (the insteps) are either partially or completely collapsed. This deformity puts the soles of the feet, the plantar surface, in complete or near complete contact with the ground. When flat feet, which are also known as fallen arches, are present, the alignment of the legs may also be slightly altered. In some cases this can lead to pain and other problems in the feet, ankles, legs, knees, hips, and the lower back.
If you or your child has foot pain, it is a good idea to see our podiatrist for a thorough evaluation and treatment. This is the best way to prevent any additional and potentially debilitating complications from developing. Our podiatrist can provide the most suitable and therapeutic treatment options to stabilize the causes of flat feet, help restore and improve foot function, and alleviate any associated symptoms.